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Proper turfgrass selection is one of the most important factors to be considered for the success of a lawn. It’s not a task to be taken lightly, since all species and varieties won’t perform equally when placed in the wide diversity of soils, slopes, amounts of available sunlight, and management practices for home lawns. Care should not only be taken in choosing a turfgrass species (i.e. Kentucky bluegrass, tall fescue, creeping red fescue, perennial ryegrass, zoysiagrass, and bermudagrass) but also in choosing between varieties for each species. Some turf grass varieties perform better than others under Northern Virginia conditions. The best turfgrass seed to use in the Northern Virginia area is a blend of improved tall fescue varieties, which provide a wide range of disease resistance, drought tolerance, deep green color and dense growth habit. The Bio Green Elite blend meets these requirements.

Kentucky Bluegrass


A medium textured, dark green, turf grass best suited to well-drained soil and sunny to lightly shaded sites. Irrigation will be needed during the periods of drought.

Seeding rate:  1.5 – 2.5 lbs/1000 square feet

Days to germination: 10 – 30

Tall Fescue


A moderately coarse-to-medium textured turf grass, tolerant of a wide range of soil types and climatic extremes. Best suited to full sun or lightly shaded sites. Excellent drought tolerance.

Seeding rate:  4 – 6 lbs/1000 square feet

Days to germination: 7 – 14

Perennial Ryegrass


A medium-to-fine textured, glossy green, turf grass best suited for cool, moist habitats receiving full sun. Perennial ryegrass is not well-suited for lawns in Northern Virginia, but is used in special situations, such as in mixes with Kentucky bluegrass where its rapid establishment rate will stabilize soil while the bluegrass is being established.

Seeding rate:  3 – 5 lbs/1000 square feet

Days to germination: 6 – 9



By bastus917 -, CC BY-SA 2.0,

By bastus917 –, CC BY-SA 2.0,

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A medium-textured, warm-seasoned, turfgrass well-suited for hot and sunny areas. Zoysiagrass is dormant through the winter and early spring, growing only in the warmer months of spring and summer. Although newer strains of Zoysiagrass seed are available, for best results, sod, plugs, or sprigs should be used. Zoysia does not do well in shade.

Seeding rate: ~2 lbs./1000 square feet

Days to germination: 7 – 10

Fine Fescues


For use in low-maintenance areas or in areas with heavy shade. While fine fescues are the top rated grasses for shade tolerance, they still require 2-3 hours of direct sunlight.

Seeding rate:  3 – 5 lbs./1000 square feet

Days to germination: 6 – 12

*Note: actual germination days in the field will vary with temperature, moisture, planting depth,etc

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